IVF uses laboratory techniques to bring the egg and sperm together outside a woman’s body and involves several treatment stages. Dr. Kelly Loi of Health & Fertility Centre for Women shares more.
Hormonal injections may be administered to boost the quantity of eggs, which are then retrieved via vaginal ultrasound, fertilised with sperm to form embryos and transferred back into the womb a few days later.
It is needed when initial treatments like fertility drugs or intra-uterine insemination are unsuccessful, if a woman’s age is above 40 or if a couple’s condition includes challenges like severe male factor infertility and serious gynaecological conditions.
Quit smoking, reduce alcohol and caffeine intake and keep chronic medical conditions under control.
Men should limit heat exposure from hot baths and saunas while women should ensure they have rubella immunisation and take folic acid to prevent birth defects.
For a maximum success rate, undergo a thorough gynaecological evaluation prior to IVF. Additionally, seek treatment for swollen fallopian tubes, fibroids, ovarian cysts and endometriosis, if any.
A laparoscopy and hysteroscopy can help assess the uterine cavity to ensure your embryos are implanted in a healthy environment.
From The Finder (Issue 286), October 2017
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