Gums that bleed during brushing can be a sign of something serious and must be addressed with care. Dr. Francine Chia from Smilefocus answers FAQs about this common dental concern
The most common cause is a build-up of plaque along the gum line, which could lead to an inflammation of the gums (a.k.a., gingivitis) if not cleaned properly. Gingivitis can also result from injuries caused by vigorous brushing or flossing.
First, ensure your toothbrush has soft-to-medium bristles. Focus on the time spent and technique used, rather than the amount of pressure applied when brushing your teeth. Floss at least once a day and visit your dentist once every six months for a check-up and professional cleaning.
Additionally, avoid smoking and aspirin consumption, and maintain a daily vitamin intake. If you wear dentures and they are ill-fitting, they may be causing sore spots in your mouth. Consult your dentist to have them resized.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy, incorrect flossing, tooth- or gum-related infections, leukaemia, scurvy, Vitamin K deficiency and even the use of blood thinners can cause bleeding gums and gingivitis. If left untreated or not treated properly, it can lead to periodontal disease, which affects the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. But sometimes, a thorough professional cleaning may be all you really need!
From The Finder Issue 290, January 2018
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